Both government and private offer eight vaccines from the list of routine immunisation recommendations. How do you do start to answer the question? From the vaccinations offered and who (government and private, here) offers what.
The World Health Organization (WHO) compiles key information on routine immunisation recommendations. These recommendations are based on position papers, published in the health organisation’s Weekly Epidemiological Record. The recommendations are broken down into two types. The first is a list of 10 vaccines for all age groups and populations. The second are supplementary lists that are tailored for specific population characteristics, like risk for polio.
The vaccination schedule, published by Amayeza, an online and independent resource for medicine information, shows what the private sector and government offers. However, the schedule is based on the 2009 schedule for the Department of Health’s Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI). Using the Amayeza information for the private sector and looking at the 2010 (last known update) government immunisation programme, the following table summarises what’s on offer from both:
|vaccine code||vaccine for||on govt schedule?||on private schedule?|
|DTP||diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus||yes||yes|
|HiB||haemophilus influenza type b (causes mennigitis, pneumonia)||yes||yes|
|HPV||papillomavirus (cause cervical cancer, genital warts)||no||no|
|MMR||Measles, rubella||only offers measles||yes|
|RV||rotavirus (causes severe diahorrea)||yes||yes|
- Government offers a vaccination for tetanus that is not on the health organisation’s schedules.
- Private sector offers three vaccinations on the health organisation’s supplementary lists – Meningococcal (MCV), Varicella for chicken pox (VCV), and hepatitis A.
- Since April 2009 (page 6), government has been offering the pentavalent vaccine, a “five-in-one” vaccine that protects children from diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). From comparing the schedules with and without this vaccine, it wasn’t possible to see any discernable difference.
‘We offer everything on WHO list’
Spokesman for Department of Health, Joe Maila, disagreed with the findings above and insisted,”the fact is that we actually provide 11 vaccines in this country.” When asked to see the source of this claim, no response was received. It also wasn’t possible to find a more recent version of the government immunisation schedule.